Types of Eczema

A look at the following pictures of eczema will help you understand the type, the cause and the treatment methodology. Eczema is an inflammation of the epidermis, the top layer of the skin, a persistent skin condition that manifests in the form of skin edema or swelling, intense itching, redness of the skin, dryness, itching, blistering, flaking, bleeding and oozing of the skin. The term ‘eczema’ has a Greek origin which means ‘to boil over’

Types of Eczema


1. Atopic Eczema- This is a skin allergy that may have a genetic trait and is seen more in people associated with asthma. You can find itchy rash in the scalp, head, behind knees, buttocks etc. Read more about atopic eczema treatment

2. Contact Dermatitis- Contact Dermatitis are of two types- due to allergy to substances like nickel, poison ivy etc and exposure to irritants like certain chemicals, sodium lauryl sulfate in detergents. Here is more information about contact eczema symptoms, treatment

3. Seborrheic dermatitis –Seborrheic eczema is another term for this type of eczema, which includes peeling of eyebrows, face and scalp. In infants, there is a thick, yellowish crusty rash on the scalp, called cradle cap, which is caused due to lack of biotin. Find out more information about seborrheic dermatitis symptoms, treatment

4. Xerotic eczema- Also called winter itch, Xerotic eczema is caused due to dry skin during the winter, which can worsen and turn into eczema. The itchy skin resembles cracked, river bed, and is more evident in old people

5. Nummular Eczema- Also called discoid eczema, this one is in the form of coin shaped round spots that itch. Nummular eczema is mostly found in the lower part of the body, mostly the legs. Check out more  information on discoid eczema symptoms, treatment

6. Dyshidrotic Eczema- Also called house wife’ eczema, this is centered mostly on the sides of the hands, palms, toes, soles etc. The skin thickens, cracks and becomes worse at night. This is a type of hand eczema

7. Lichen Simplex Chronicus- Also known as Neurodermatitis, this type of eczema can become patchy once it is rubbed and scratched. The treatment is in the form of anti-inflammatory medication. Here is more information about lichen simplex chronicus symptoms, treatment 

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